According to research conducted by the US Public Health Service, certain factors drastically increase the risk of heart diseases in an individual. These factors are hypertension, history of heart diseases in the family, old age, smoking, and male gender.
Apart from these, many other kinds of research have also pointed towards yet another factor. According to them, the anxious and highly compulsive people also stand at a higher risk of heart diseases.
Out of all these factors, many like age, gender, heredity etc., can’t be altered. They are beyond one’s control. However, three high-risk factors namely hypertension, high cholesterol, and smoking are under the control of an individual. These factors have a determining role in one’s cardiac health.
Compared to a non-smoker, a smoker who smokes a pack of cigarettes every day stands at double risk of heart diseases. Moreover, if, along with smoking, you also eat a high-fat diet, suffer from high blood pressure, and do no workout at all, then your risk is almost five times that of an average person.
The Positive Side of Cardio Interval Training
Just like there are factors that put you at a higher risk of cardiac diseases, there are also factors that lower its risk.
Of course, giving up cigarettes and food items containing excess fats will be helpful. But, if you exercise regularly or do at least moderate cardio, it can significantly lower the risk of any heart disease.
Just like muscles in our arms and legs, the heart also contains muscles. And, strange as it may seem, working out also strengthens the muscles of your heart.
Ever since the 1940s, there have been many types of research that focused on the link between heart diseases and physical activity. One of the popular surveys covered 31,000 conductors and drivers of several bus companies. In the research, it was concluded that compared to the conductors who moved a lot, the drivers were at a considerably higher risk of heart disease since the remained stationary for a very long time.
Another research, in which the coronary arteries of dogs were surgically altered to resemble that of humans showed similar results. In that research, the dogs that did exercise had a significantly better flow of blood when compared to dogs that stayed inactive.
In dogs, it was seen that the exercise established new links between the non-working blood vessels and the regular ones. Hence, the dogs that exercised experienced better blood flow to the tissues of muscles of the heart. This is quite similar to how human heart supplies blood to the part of the heart that experiences cardiac arrest.
Something known as collateral circulation heals the damaged heart. This, however, relies heavily on the tiny new blood vessels. These new vessels present on arterial trees can work against cardiac arrest in case it is good enough to supplement the activity of the narrowed blood vessels.
All These Lead to One Final Question, What can We do to Prevent Heart Attack?
Several studies have concluded that moderate everyday exercise shows better results in constructing these auxiliary pathways in comparison to extreme exercise that is done twice as frequently.
Nevertheless, one thing is certainly clear, exercise does improve the function of the heart and lowers the risk of heart diseases. Some studies even went as far as stating that people who don’t exercise at all are at double risk of heart diseases.
These studies particularly expounded upon the bad effect of a sedentary lifestyle. According to them, it increased the risk of heart diseases by almost 30%.
Therefore, doing cardio every day not only improves your cardiovascular functions but also your health in general. Other health benefits of doing moderate Cardio Interval Training every day are:
- Better metabolism
- Effective Weight Loss
- Improved Lung Capacity
- Reduced Stress
Cardio Interval Training is indeed the definitive modern way of bringing health to both your heart and body.